.Htaccess Tips and Tricks

Rewrite URLs using htacccess

Upper case URL to lower case

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !([A-Z]+)
RewriteRule .* – [S=27]
RewriteRule ^(.*)A(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1a$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)B(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1b$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)C(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1c$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)D(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1d$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)E(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1e$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)F(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1f$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)G(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1g$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)H(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1h$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)I(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1i$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)J(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1j$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)K(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1k$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)L(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1l$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)M(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1m$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)N(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1n$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)O(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1o$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)P(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1p$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)Q(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1q$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)R(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1r$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)S(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1s$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)T(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1t$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)U(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1u$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)V(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1v$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)W(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1w$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)X(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1x$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)Y(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1y$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)Z(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1z$2 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L]

Rewriting product.php?id=12 to product-12.html

1 RewriteEngine on
2 RewriteRule ^product-([0-9]+)\.html$ product.php?id=$1

Rewriting product.php?id=12 to product/ipod-nano/12.html

1 RewriteEngine on
2 RewriteRule ^product/([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)/([0-9]+)\.html$ product.php?id=$2

Redirecting non www URL to www URL

1 RewriteEngine On
2 RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^testl\.net$
3 RewriteRule (.*) http://www.test.net/$1 [R=301,L]

Rewriting yoursite.com/user.php?username=xyz to yoursite.com/xyz

1 RewriteEngine On
2 RewriteRule ^([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)$ user.php?username=$1
3 RewriteRule ^([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)/$ user.php?username=$1

Change the Sub domain as directory

RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^blog.domain.com$ [OR]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www.blog.domain.com$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://http://www.domain.com/blog/ [R=301,L]

Redirecting the domain to a new subfolder of inside public_html

1 RewriteEngine On
2 RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^test\.com$ [OR]
3 RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.test\.com$
4 RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/new/
5 RewriteRule (.*) /new/$1

Prevent Directory Listing

Add any of the following snippet to avoid directory listing.

1 Options -Indexes

or

1 IndexIgnore *
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